Pentateuch 1. Jonathan and David probably envisioned working together, as partners, as friends, both before and after the time David became king. of Includes cross references, discussion questions, teaching points, outline, and applications on 1 Samuel 17. ), Then Jonathan gave his weapons to the boy and said, “Go, carry them back to town.”. If he is favorably disposed toward you, will I not send you word and let you know? GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Wisdom Literature Jonathan's response is the same as in 1 Samuel 20:2; he didn't know that Saul set out to get David in Naioth, though previously to that point, his father would tell him everything. Jonathan got up from the table in fierce anger; on that second day of the feast he did not eat, because he was grieved at his father’s shameful treatment of David. of Scripture. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 1 SAMUEL CHAPTER 20. Our God is still great, Please see Blue Letter Bible's Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. These are days when to stand up for anything more than mere conventional religion must cost something; and for this reason let us never flinch." Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul's threat, and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. This bleak road is important in David's life, because if David will be safe now and promoted to king later, David must learn to let God be his defense and his promoter. Their sign, 1 Samuel 20:18-23. ii. General Epistles Then David fled from Naioth at Ramah and went to Jonathan and asked, “What have I done? So, when it happened the next day … that David's place was empty, Saul demanded an explanation. a. Historical Books Johannine Writings For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom. Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, for we have sworn friendship with each other in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘The LORD is witness between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants forever.’ ” Then David left, and Jonathan went back to the town. So Jonathan said to David, "Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you.". d. Who will tell me? 1 Samuel – a study guide. These were "Taunts that were intended to instil into Jonathan's heart the poison which was working in his own." a. It was Jonathan's way of saying, "David, I recognize that you are God's choice to be the next king, not me. Jonathan also assures David that he will protect him, by warning David of Saul's intentions. This was a crucial time in David's life. He remembers that Jonathan's support for him is challenged by the fact that his father is against David. Why aren't you just trusting God?" i. Jonathan might have been threatened by David, but instead he loved him and was loyal to him. Pentateuch David now knew he would have to live as a fugitive, on the run from an angry, jealous king determined to destroy him. i. -------------------- We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. So Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. And Jonathan had David reaffirm his oath out of love for him, because he loved him as he loved himself. Either he would be welcomed back to the palace and his home, or he would be a fugitive until Saul gave up the hunt for David. Jonathan expresses astonishment that his father did not tell him, but assures David of his heart towards him. And why should my father hide this thing from me? There is a time, I know not when, A place, I know not where, Which marks the destiny of men To heaven or despair. in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. Then Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, 'May the LORD be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.'" 2 Samuel 20:1 "And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name [was] Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel." If the arrows were shot further beyond, David could know that Saul's heart was still hard and he determined to destroy David. (1:3) Yearly 4) Where were the sons of Eli serving as priests? B. The Hands of Dagon and the Hand of God (1 Samuel 5:1-7:17) "Jonathan made one vain attempt to reason with the furious monarch; he might as well have tried to arrest the swelling of Jordan in the time of flood." While the people cry for a king, Hannah cries for a child. Minor Prophets (1Sa 20:14-17) In response, Jonathan makes David commit himself in a covenant. i. (Poole). CHAPTER 21. (1-9) David at Gath feigns himself mad. Nevertheless, if there is iniquity in me, kill me yourself, for why should you bring me to your father?" c. What have I done? 1 Samuel A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 1 Samuel 1:1-3:21 The life of Samuel marks a transition period in the history of Israel from the time of the judges to the kingdom of Saul and David. (Meyer), ii. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Luke-Acts Jonathan's support of David enraged Saul, and Saul cast a spear at him to kill him. Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, “What have I … Complete Concise Chapter Contents. We should see in this that David is testing Jonathan's loyalty. I'll start a campaign to bring me to the throne." Then David hid in the field. The class book is suitable for teens and up. David could have decided to challenge Saul's authority, thinking "I'll stay around here and gather loyal people away from Saul and to myself. (1Sa 20:24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David's absence. But if it pleases my father to do you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. When I have sounded out my father: Jonathan will find out his father's heart, and will report it to David, if say if it is good or bad towards David. Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And David said to Jonathan, "Indeed tomorrow is the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. i. i. The New Testament 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? (1Sa 20:1-4) David asks Jonathan about Saul's intentions towards him; Jonathan promises his help to David. [A new version of this page can be found here]. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and went and said to Jonathan, "What have I done? Thank you for registering. Either Saul's heart has changed towards David, and there is safety for you and no harm, or Saul is still determined to kill David, and the LORD has sent you away. Man proposes, but God disposes. Major Prophets Johannine Writings He also remembers that Jonathan's support for him is challenged by the fact that Jonathan is next in line for the throne, and might perhaps have an interest in being against David. Why did David leave Naioth? GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, (Hebrew/Greek Search by English Definition), * 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order', Search verses, phrases, and topics (e.g. Like David, he is now in obscurity and disrepute; his name is not popular; his gospel is misrepresented; his followers are subjected to rebuke and scorn. 1 Samuel 20 - NIV: Then David fled from Naioth at Ramah and went to Jonathan and asked, “What have I done? 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him. How will Jonathan get the message to David? By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, And Jonathan said to David, "Come, and let us go out into the field." If the arrows were shot further beyond, David could know that Saul's heart was still hard and he determined to destroy David. c. Saul's anger was aroused … "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman!" Prophets what if your father answers you roughly?" There is a line by us not seen Which crosses every path, The hidden boundary between God's patience and His wrath. Why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so! Minor Prophets General Epistles 1 Samuel 18:1-4.JONATHAN LOVES DAVID. So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel… But if my father intends to harm you, may the LORD deal with Jonathan, be it ever so severely, if I do not let you know and send you away in peace. When the boy came to the place where Jonathan’s arrow had fallen, Jonathan called out after him, “Isn’t the arrow beyond you?”. 1 Samuel 20 – Jonathan’s Final Attempt to Reconcile His Father and David A. David, coming from Naioth, meets Jonathan. If I am guilty, then kill me yourself! Jonathan is covering for David, trying to give Saul a plausible - and truthful - explanation for David's absence. (1:2) Two 2) Which of Elkanah's wives had no children? i. e. He shall surely die: Certainly, this was Saul's intention, despite his previous oath (As the LORD lives, he shall not be killed, 1 Samuel 19:6). Don’t stop!” The boy picked up the arrow and returned to his master. The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything, and destined to live for many years the life of a fugitive. God builds the throne on a woman’s cry. A small thing - the signal of a single arrow - told David his whole life was changed. i. You shall not die! As you study the passages in their context and seek to obey them in your context, I know the Lord will encourage you and challenge you. The arrows will bring one of two messages. In that day, when one royal house replaced another, it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. b. a. And as for the matter which you and I have spoken of, indeed the LORD be between you and me forever.". d. So Jonathan said to him, "By no means!" You will be missed, because your seat will be empty. Why should my father hide this thing from me? The Old Testament So both of them went out into the field. He sat in his customary place by the wall, opposite Jonathan, Saul said nothing that day, for he thought, “Something must have happened to David to make him ceremonially unclean—surely he is unclean.”, But the next day, the second day of the month, David’s place was empty again. Free Bible study questions for 1 Samuel 8 provides great insight into why God’s people end up living in a less than ideal situation. (, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Apparently, David wondered why Jonathan didn't tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. A lot was riding on the message brought through a few arrows! They make a compromise thinking that they will gain what another promises them. 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. The Spirit of God protected David there in a powerful way. and he said to the boy, “Run and find the arrows I shoot.” As the boy ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no food the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, because his father had treated him shamefully. Pauline Epistles But show me unfailing kindness like the LORD’s kindness as long as I live, so that I may not be killed, and do not ever cut off your kindness from my family—not even when the LORD has cut off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.”, So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “May the LORD call David’s enemies to account.”. ", it happened the next day … that David's place was empty, Jonathan answered Saul, "David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem. If I expressly say to him, 'Look, the arrows are on this side of you; get them and come'; then, as the LORD lives, there is safety for you and no harm. He had two wives — As many had in those days, though it was a transgression of the original institution of marriage. a. Inductive Bible study on the life of David from 1 Samuel 17. John 3:16, Jesus faith love), The Whole Bible In the spiritual relationship between David and Jonathan, sometimes David was stronger spiritually, and sometimes Jonathan was stronger. What is my iniquity, and what is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?" David with Ahimelech. Poetical Books ", Saul's anger was aroused … "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! 1 Samuel Commentary > Study Guide. Was David in God's will? Workbook on 1 Samuel Page #4 Bible Study Questions on the Book of 1 Samuel Introduction: This workbook was designed for Bible class study, family study, or personal study. And send you away, that you may go in safety: Jonathan knows that if his father Saul intends evil against David, it means that David must go away. We have to see all of this from David's perspective. But David more so: If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had more so. In 1 Samuel 20:21-22, Jonathan and David determined that if the arrows were shot at a shorter distance, then David could know that Saul's heart was favorable to him. So David hid in the field, and when the New Moon feast came, the king sat down to eat. ii. 1. b. David wants to know if Jonathan has come to a place of agreement with his father Saul. But now all that was gone, so they wept together. Then Jonathan said to David, “I swear by the LORD, the God of Israel, that I will surely sound out my father by this time the day after tomorrow! Exodus 20:13; 1 Samuel 26:7-11,22-25 37 SESSION FIVE // HONOR MARRIAGE 79 Colossians 1:3-12Exodus 20:14; 2 Samuel 11:1-5 ... Because the Holy Spirit is the guide for your study, invite Him to show you how to “rightly divide the word of … How can anyone set out on such a bleak road and be in the will of God? It was primarily to teach spiritual lessons to the 1Howard, pp. Wisdom Literature Instead, Jonathan knew David's heart was pointed in the right direction, and he just offered to help. Would he take the opportunity to reconcile with David? table." b. They remembered their bond of friendship back in 1 Samuel 18:1-4, when Jonathan gave David his armor and princely robe. David fulfilled this promise to Jonathan (2 Samuel 9:1-8 and 21:7). Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech--Nob, a city of the priests ( 1 Samuel 22:19), was in the neighborhood of Jerusalem, on the Mount of Olives--a little north of the top, and on the northeast of the city.It is computed to have been about five miles distant from Gibeah. Prophets Then I will send a boy and say, ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I say to him, ‘Look, the arrows are on this side of you; bring them here,’ then come, because, as surely as the LORD lives, you are safe; there is no danger. But David now left for a life of hiding, secrecy, and danger. One night of carelessness may change a girl's life forever. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Eben-ezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. How have I wronged your father, that he is trying to kill me?” “Never!” Jonathan replied. "It seems probably that he went first to Bethlehem, as he bade Jonathan to tell his father, ver. Why hand me over to your father?”, “Never!” Jonathan said. ii. Nevertheless Saul did not say anything that day, for he thought, "Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean." What has he done?" In 1 Samuel 20:21-22, Jonathan and David determined that if the arrows were shot at a shorter distance, then David could know that Saul's heart was favorable to him. 1. "Poor David found the doing of anything or of nothing dangerous alike; such was the malice of his enemy, who was captain of the devil's sworn swordmen." And he said, 'Please let me go, for our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to be there. (1:2) Hannah 3) How often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to the Lord? range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed He would no longer be welcome among the army of Israel. Then Saul cast a spear at him to kill him, by which Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to kill David. But Jonathan could send David away in peace, because they have both have agreed to honor each other not only in life, but to honor each other's families beyond their own lifetimes. He tried to encourage Jonathan's sense of hurt and self-interest against David (as long as the son of Jesse lives on the earth, you shall not be established, nor your kingdom). (1Sa 20:12-13) Jonathan vows to find out the state of his father's heart for David. Pentateuch ii. "For Jonathan gave credit to his father's oath, chap. Wisdom Literature Conceivably, he could have said, "Where is your faith, brother? GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point He should not kill David because his father and king told him to do something that was clearly disobedient to God. The Son and the Psalm of Hannah (1 Samuel 1:1-2:10) 3. Apparently, Saul believed oaths were for other people, but not for him! Don’t I know that you have sided with the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of the mother who bore you? c. And the LORD will be with you as He has been with my father: Jonathan wants to give David more than a warning. God's choice of David was a reminder that God has His own reasons for choosing, reasons we can't always figure out. Historical Books I will shoot three arrows to the side of it, as though I were shooting at a target. As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from a place toward the south, fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times. Salem Media Group. But if he loses his temper, you can be sure that he is determined to harm me. The day after tomorrow, toward evening, go to the place where you hid when this trouble began, and wait by the stone Ezel. (Meyer). The Gospels He said, ‘Let me go, because our family is observing a sacrifice in the town and my brother has ordered me to be there. “Why should he be put to death? In this 1 Samuel 20 commentary, we’re going to spend a bit of time in this chapter, so I want to give a brief outline of this chapter for you; it divides into 3 main parts: 3.1 1 Samuel 20:1-23: Jonathan and David devising a plan to test Saul’s intentions (we’ll spend the … i. Minor Prophets ", v. "Let God empty you out that He may save you from becoming spiritually stale, and lead you ever onward. Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. The New Testament Jonathan's support of David wasn't a blind support; it was a support based on what was right before the LORD. It took courage for Jonathan to communicate with David, even secretly - because he knew that if his father became aware of it, he would focus his murderous rage against Jonathan again. And they kissed one another; and they wept together, but David more so. In the morning Jonathan went out to the field for his meeting with David. Let’s turn to chapter 20 now. The book of 1 Samuel introduces one of the most fascinating stories in all of Scripture, the reign of King David. i. Jonathan's approach is to encourage David and to offer help to him. 1 Samuel 4 To listen and read click the version, KJV or NIV, then the sound symbol & wait about 30 sec. Then David fled from Naioth: Why? If there is iniquity in me: Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. But if I say to the boy, ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then you must go, because the LORD has sent you away. As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. ii. The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead This bleak road is important in David's life, because if David is to be set in such a great position of authority, David must learn to submit to God's authority, even if it is in a man like Saul. Luke-Acts They wept together: David and Jonathan loved each other, and had a strong bond of friendship. c. Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD: Jonathan knew he might never see David again. f. Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you: Jonathan continues to reassure David, bringing encouragement to a discouraged man. When I have sounded out my father sometime tomorrow, or the third day, and indeed there is good toward David, and I do not send to you and tell you, may the LORD do so and much more to Jonathan. c. Far be it from you! 1 Samuel 20:1-10.DAVID CONSULTS WITH JONATHAN FOR HIS SAFETY. Now send someone to bring him to me, for he must die!”. -------------------- GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point 141, 146-47. A. David, coming from Naioth, meets Jonathan. A throne is God's purpose for you; a cross is God's path for you; faith is God's plan for you." It is not so! 2. "Behind you is the sunny morning, before you a lowering sky; behind you the blessed enjoyment of friendship, wife, home, royal favor, and popular adulation, before you an outcast's life." Jonathan knew the Bible said, You shall not murder (Exodus 20:13). David is asking Jonathan, "Am I in the wrong here? Poetical Books Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. David might have started to think that Saul was rejected simply because he was wicked, and David was chosen simply because he was godly. "And you shall not only show me the kindness of the LORD while I still live, that I may not die; but you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever, no, not when the LORD has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth." Scripture quoted by permission. At first, this did not trouble Saul greatly, because he thought, "Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean." We must be willing to be vulnerable with each other and respect the needs of our spouses even if they are needs we do not fully understand.

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