Larger breeds like Jersey giants or Orpington’s and Australorps will require more space. These chicken coop designs are designed to hold 12 or more chickens. Heat, pressure and moisture flow hot to cold or high to low. It is extra-roomy, with 32 square feet of floor space, and can accommodate up to 12 hens! Its safe to say we have spent into the thousands, buying coops, and over the years so I’ve developed a strict criteria for buying coops. Chickens will want some shade during a hot sunny day to cool off and relax. Pre-built holes to peg it down to the ground for extra protection. Look for signs of lethargy or them not wanting to leave the coop. DIY Top Tip:  If you wanted screen protection over the windows when they are open, place up some chicken wire and cover with ladies tights to prevent flies. Large Metal Chicken Coop Walk-in Poultry Cage Hen Run House Rabbits Habitat … Coops & Feathers Chicken Coop with Chicken Run This extra-large chicken coop allows you to walk in without any problems. Enter your email address to receive alerts when we have new listings available for Chicken coop for 12 chickens sale. Cover with water and UV protected roof cover to offer shade and protection from snow and rain. We recommend cleaning your coop every week, and you may want to make sure that you rake out droppings from inside the actual … A main walk-in door makes it so much easier than crawling in on your hands and knees. Suitable for 12 + chickens (it can take up to 14 chickens depending on size) It’s the ultimate in pet security and has been designed to keep your pets safe and secure whilst keeping the predators out. Its especially tough if you have kids. Nesting boxes, firstly make sure these are lower than the roosting bars. If you’ve ever had a predator get into the coop you know the consequences can be so damaging. That’s why she/he built this super simple chicken coop because building a complicated and expensive one … The choice is yours however…. Again if there is a run attached it just saves you have from having to go inside it to close and open the pop door each day. Air flows both ways, people mainly only think of it as a one way street and it’s not. As I’ve already said its so easy for chickens to overheat. Can the chicken pop door, which is the door they use to come in and out of the coop, be opened and closed from the outside? It will also help to keep the flies out. Our easy to follow free chicken coop plans can be followed to make a cheap chicken ark and run for up to 12 poultry from wood and wire netting for your homesteading flock or just if you wish to keep some backyard chickens or city chickens. Chickens will need 3 to 4 sqft of coop space per bird. The Coops and Feathers large chicken coop is a great place to start. Made in USA, OverEZ Large Chicken Coop for 15 Chickens with Nesting Box - Large Bird, Poultry and Hen House Made from Wood, LOVSHARE Automatic Chicken Coop Door 12V DC, Chicken Coop Door 11.8x12.6 inch, Automatic Chicken Door Opener W/ Infrared Induction, Light Sensor for Standard Sized Chicken Breeds, Coops, Cages, Rural365 Automatic Chicken Coop Door - Electronic Chicken Coop Door Automatic Chicken Door, Light Sensor and Timer, Run Chicken Model T40, Automatic Chicken Coop Door, Full Aluminum Doors, Light Sensing, Evening and Morning Delayed Opening Timer, ECOLINEAR 120'' Chicken Hutch w/Run Cage Outdoor Hen House Poultry Pet Wooden Coop Nest Box Garden Backyard, Shed Windows 12" W x 18" H - Flush Mount w/Safety Glass - Playhouse Windows (Brown), Giantex Large Metal Chicken Coop Walk-in Chicken Coops Hen Run House Shade Cage with Waterproof and Anti-Ultraviolet Cover for Outdoor Backyard Farm Use Poultry Cage (9.5' Lx 19' Wx 6' H), Egg Incubator with Egg Candler | 9-12 Digital Fully Automatic Incubator for Chicken Eggs, Poultry Hatcher for Chickens Ducks Goose Birds, RUN-CHICKEN Model T40, RED Automatic Chicken Coop Door, Full Aluminum Doors, Light Sensing, Evening and Morning Delayed Opening Timer, ETE ETMATE Automatic Chicken Coop Door Opener Kit with Safe Infrared Sensor, Rainproof Outdoor Timer Controller Actuator Motor, 12V DC Power Supply, 2x4basics 90192MI Custom Shed Kit with Peak Roof, Zipcase 6 Pack Washable Nesting Box Pads Bottom for Chicken COOP Hen House Poultry,12"x13.8",6 Packs, JAXPETY 44" Wooden Rabbit Hutch Cage House Habitat Animal Pet Chicken Coop Outdoor, OverEZ Small Chicken Coop for up to 5 Chickens with Nesting Box - Large Bird, Poultry and Hen House Made from Wood, Nurxiovo 36" Chicken coop Outdoor Wooden Bunny Rabbit Hutch House with Pull Out Tray Single Deck & Ventilation Door, Nesting Box Waterproof Hen House Pet Poultry Cage Garden Backyard Animal, MagJo Naturals Aspen Chicken Nest Box Liners Ultra Thin 12 X 9 - Chicken Coop Bedding, Poultry Supplies Chicken Bedding Nest Liners - Great for New Chicks, FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon, PawHut 124" Dual Backyard Chicken Coops with Outdoor Ramps and Nesting Boxes, Coops & Feathers Wood and Wire Chicken Coop, XX-Large, PawHut Galvanized Metal Chicken Coop Cage with Cover, Walk-in Pen Run, Pets Imperial Double Savoy Large Chicken Coop with 2 Nest Boxes and Run Suitable for Up to 10 Small Birds, MagJo Pet Excelsior Aspen Shaving Nesting Liners 12 Pack (12 Pack), JVR Automatic Chicken Door Coop Opener Kit with Safety Mechanism, Rainproof Outdoor Timer Controller Actuator Motor, 12V DC Power Supply (Timer Version), JVR Chicken Coop Door Automatic Opener Kit with Safety Mechanism, Rainproof Adjustable Light Sensor Controller Actuator Motor, DC 12V Power Supply, Poultry Perfect Chicken Nesting Pads x6 | For Chicken Coops, Nesting Boxes, Chicken Bedding and Hen House - Easy Washable Nesting Pads for Hens - Chicken Coop Supplies - Raising Poultry Ebook Included, Chicken coop Signs| 3PACK, 8X12 Aluminum tin Chicken Signs | Chicken coop Supplies | Chicken Accessories for coops | Chicken Coop Decor | Chicken coop Accessories, Metal Chicken Signs, DEStar Automatic 12V DC Timer Controlled Chicken Duck Coop Door Opener Kit Indoor Outdoor with Bonus Remote Control and Infrared Sensor, Incubator Warehouse AutoCoop Advanced Chicken Coop Door Kit, Lovinouse Automatic Chicken Coop Door Open Kit with Safety Sensor, Timer Control, 12V DC Actuator Motor, for Chicken House, Cage Indoor Outdoor (Timer), Rural365 Nesting Box Pads Artificial Turf Square - Synthetic Pads for Chicken Coop Laying Box Grass Pads 12in x 12in, Precision Pet Poultry Pads (10 Pack), 12" x 9", ALEKO CKR10X7PR Metal DIY Walk-in Chicken Coop or Chicken Run with Purple Waterproof Cover 6.5 x 10 Feet, Farm Fresh Butt Nuggets Chicken coop Signs, 8X12 Aluminum tin Chicken Signs | Chicken coop Supplies | Chicken Accessories for coops | Chicken Coop Decor | Chicken coop Accessories, Metal Chicken Signs, JVR Chicken Coop Door Automatic Smart Opener Kit with Safety Mechanism, Compatible with Alexa, Google Home, Rainproof 2.4GHz WiFi Timer Controller Actuator Motor Mobile/Remote Control (Smart Version), ECOLINEAR Outdoor 80'' Wooden Chicken Coop Nest Box Hen House Poultry Pet Hutch Garden Backyard Cage (Chicken Coop), Large Metal Chicken Coop Walk-in Poultry Cage Hen Run House Rabbits Habitat Cage Flat Roofed Cage with Waterproof and Anti-Ultraviolet Cover for Outdoor Backyard Farm Use (9.2' L x 18.4' W x 6.4' H), 12 Pack of RITE FARM PRODUCTS 12 OZ Pigeon Quail Dove Chicken Rabbit Bird Feeder Water Drinker Cups Wire CAGE, Automatic Chicken Coop Door Timer Auto Door Opener Kit with Infrared Sensor to Prevent Chicken Duck, Goose from Being Crushed Rainproof Auto Chicken Guard Door with Remote Control Actuator Motor, LOVSHARE Automatic Chicken Coop Door Opener Kits W/Light Sensor Induction Chicken Coop Door with Infrared Sensor to Prevent Chicken from Being Crushed Auto Chicken Guard Door(Not Included Battery), PawHut 83” Wooden Portable Backyard Chicken Coop With Fenced Run And Wheels, JAXPETY 61" Wooden Chicken Coop, Rabbit Hutch Hen House w/Run Rest Box, Outdoor Backyard Garden Poultry Pet Cage Waterproof, Red, Nurxiovo 36" Outdoor Chicken coop Wooden Bunny Rabbit Hutch House with Pull Out Tray Single Deck & Ventilation Door, Waterproof Hen House Pet Poultry Cage Garden Backyard Animal Nesting Box, JAXPETY New 58”Chicken Coop Wooden Bunny Rabbit Hutch w/Run Rest Box, Orange, GUTINNEEN Outdoor Wooden Chicken Coop Large Hen House Poultry Cage, 69in, Waterproof UV Panel, Treat your chickens to a clean coop again. Before we build, here’s what we’ve learned. Shop Now (877) 550-9346. Most chicken coop owners clean out their coop every week or every other week, but the exact frequency will depend on your climate, the weather conditions, and how messy your chickens are. Large apex roof gives good air flow around the coop. We have this solution on the farm housing our Cochins and it works really well. We’ve been raising chickens in our lean-to coop for a few years now, so we’ve learned a thing or two about what a good chicken coop should be like. If it can that’s bonus. Get the plans. This well-designed coop will keep your chickens safe and warm during even the roughest weather. Coop construction. This is why they also need to have access to fresh water. I just love all of these creative and cute chicken houses! But wood has a finite lifespan, nothing lasts forever, even if you sand it, vanish and paint it each season like we have! This design has 15 linear feet of roosting bars and comes with four nesting boxes which can be positioned either inside the coop door on the run side, or inside the back hatch … Yes as to help keep predators out having a well-built sturdy design is paramount. I try and look for coops with vents at floor level as cold air and moisture fall, and vent(s) at the roof level as hot air and moisture rises. A larger version of our most popular coop For customers who love the look of our best-selling chicken coop but have more than 12-15 chickens, this is the chicken coop for you. Quality Walk-In Chicken Coops. But you also need a coop that’s going to last! So most manufactures know that ventilation is critical and so most now have vents (always double check). You may also like to check out: A frame chicken coop plans, pallet chicken coop … You need a coop that’s predator proof. Great access – 2 walk in doors, one into the coop and one into the run area. We have seen the biggest chicken coop rush in our company's history. This poop contains ammonia, highly levels of ammonia causes respiratory issues amongst chickens. If you place a vent infront of the roosting bars where the chickens sleep at night you place them directly in a draft. Chickens will naturally head for the highest roost space, if that’s the nesting boxes they will poop into them, spoiling them very quickly. This will allow natural convention to occur which will keep the coop at optimal temperature, which is around 68F (20C). When chickens do overheat the consequences can sometimes be dire. Choose from a large selection of hen houses, chicken coops, chicken sheds and chicken barns. These chicken coops are each hand made to secure your chickens from any predator! During the night if it’s hot they will need to hydrate. The Somerzby Resort is our new design chicken coop. You’re seeing this ad based on the product’s relevance to your search query. Looks or latches on any doors, or the nesting boxes is a bonus, as most nesting boxes just lift up. Has 4 great design, features that include: What we didn’t like: Can’t put it together on your own, its comes flat pack, and the pieces can be heavy. It also makes cleaning out the coop much more simple. You will need 1 nesting box per 4-6 birds an your chickens will probably only use 1 or 2. Coop … Any coop can be placed inside or outside with the chicken door facing into the run (will require cutting a hole in chicken wire), Light weight and portable (just lift up and move to fresh grass if you want), Large walk in door with latch and steel ties for extra protection. It’s also pretty large. The REAL Housewives of Riverton Chicken … The 4×8 Self Ranging Chicken Coop is ideal if you have limited space and only have 4-6 chickens. Pricing Starting at $1595. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Using this criteria I’ve made a short list, so all you have to do is pick one! It was such a sad time. Great for shade and protection from rain and … It can fit 3-4 grown chickens and comes with a 1-year warranty. Chickens can suffer from heat stroke very quickly and easily and this causes them to be put off laying or worse. What would make it better: Easily add an electric fence around the perimeter like we have done in the pic. This large chicken coop measures 8×8 plus the chicken run. Look no further! The siding, make sure nothing is sticking out so something can gain purchase to remove this panel. The Eglu stands out in terms of design and simplicity. If you are just getting started raising chickens, you’ve probably already begun investing a little cha-ching here and there for the basics, so maybe you want a large walk-in coop that is a easy on your wallet.. Access to the nest boxes from the outside makes life easier for collecting your yummy eggs each day! Our chicken coop is on its last legs! The Lenham Chicken Coop is the quintessential chicken coop. The principle of the combined chicken run and ark coop - which will accommodate a dozen chickens … Make an Easy-to-Access Nesting Box Handy latch seals it tight keeping wind, rain and snow at bay. We promise: It's easier than you think to build a home for your flock. Now that’s calculated by floor space which is fine so chickens can move around get to the waterer for a drink and don’t over heat with a flock size too large for the coop. The Fearnley coop and run is a large structure, measuring 7ft 8 inches wide x 10 ft in length when you include the … Your chicken coop will be prefabricated or pre-built. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020,, Inc. or its affiliates. But foxes and coyotes can also jump onto the roof and gain access. You can cancel your email alerts at any time. A removable roosting box -- yes, removable -- catches chicken poop and makes clean-up super easy! Great for shade and protection from rain and snow! Chicken coop for 12 chickens sale. So I know what works and I know what doesn’t. The Palace Chicken Coop is a combined coop and run, with an external nesting box. It looked super cool and gave the chickens more than enough room to roam. We saw a chicken coop made out of a reclaimed swing set! 8×8 Chicken Coop Plans with Run. This criteria will help shortlist the best chicken coop for 12 chickens so you don’t waste any money. Included in this free chicken coop plan are a materials list, tools list, and step-by-step building instructions with corresponding photos and diagrams. Id allow 10-14 inches for the length, so tail tip to beak. So too cool a coop its not cold air flowing in that allows this process, its actually allowing the outflow of hot air that will cool the coop. Again ventilation is both in and out and is super important. The Home Depot has a free chicken coop plan that is designed to mimic the classic red barn. You need that air flow. Maybe these aren’t high on everyone’s list but I like coop that you could, if you wanted to, adapt a little. wood screws 1) Box of 3 … I actually have to feed mine (see pic) high water content fruits when its warm to keep them fed, as their appetite drops when its warm, and hydrated. The plans include a free PDF download, step-by-step drawings, and material list. For me it’s simple, treated wood will last so much longer than non-treated and I need longevity from my coop. Business hours. Up to 12 chickens. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in, All customers get FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon, Durable Outdoor Chicken Coop - Weatherproof, Aivituvin 69in Wooden Chicken Coop, Outdoor Large Hen House with Nest Box Poultry Cage, Rabbit Hutch - Waterproof UV Panel, 87.8''L Extra Large Chicken Coop, Rabbit Hutch Wooden Hen House Outdoor Bunny House - Upgrade with Bottom PVC Layer, Aivituvin Rabbit Hutch Bunny Cage Outdoor- Expandable Design, Indoor Bunny Hutch Rabbit House Cage with No Leak Plastic Tray, Price and other details may vary based on size and color. Could you string up a tarp under the roosting bars to catch the poop (make cleaning a doddle! We have had literally dozens of coops on our farm over the years, im a proud 4th generation chicken owner, and in that time we have had some useless coops and some awesome ones. With millions of unique furniture, décor, and housewares options, we'll help you find the perfect solution for your style and your home. 20 weeks for IHS pre-built coops ». The more you can spend on a coop the better the materials will be and the better the craftsman ship is, not always but like 99{cfcd481556a8b43fba6af451761032bd323e94372a0c1e607} of the time. This article focuses on some homemade chicken coop and designs that can make your chickens feel comfortable and secure; so let us have a deep insight on the details of the different designs and the best possible design one can have for better nurturing of chicken. COZIWOW Large 2-Tier Wooden Rabbit Chicken Pet Coop Hutch Hen Nest w/Ample Activity Areas Elevated Restroom,Habitat Outdoor, PawHut 83" Wooden Backyard Chicken Coop with Covered Run and Nesting Box, Amorom Automatic Chicken Coop Door Opener Kit, Upgraded Auto Chicken Guard Door with Timer Controller, Safety Sensor, 12V DC Actuator Motor for Chicken Coops and Ducks, Jumbl Automatic Chicken Coop Door Opener w/Timer and Remote | 11” Opening w/Infrared Safety Sensor | Electrical 12V DC Actuator Motor | Full Installation Kit | for Poultry Ducks & Small Farm Animals, PawHut 65” Wood Outdoor Chicken Coop House with Nesting Box, Ramp, Run, and Ladder, Coop Defender Gold Automatic Chicken Coop Door Kit | Opener with Timer and Light Sensor | Vertical Hen House Pop Hole Door | Waterproof Indoor/Outdoor (Aluminum Metal), Omitree Deluxe Large Backyard Wood Chicken Coop Hen House 4-8 Chickens with 3 Nesting Box New, LAZY BUDDY Chicken Coop, 70” Wooden Chick Cage with 2 Hen Nesting Boxes, Indoor and Outdoor Use Chicken House with Waterproof Roof for Chicken and Other Pets (Extra Large), SnapLock Formex Large Chicken Coop Backyard Hen House 4-6 Large 6-12 Bantams, Rite Farm Products Industrial 12" BROODER LAMP Fixture Chicken for COOP House Chick Warmer Heat Light (1), Large Metal Chicken Coop Walk-in Poultry Cage Hen Run House Rabbits Habitat Cage Spire Shaped Coop with Waterproof and Anti-Ultraviolet Cover for Outdoor Backyard Farm Use (10' L x 20' W x 6.4' H), INWAVE Automatic Chicken Coop Door 12V DC Chicken Coop Door 12.6inch Wide 11.8inch High Automatic Chicken Door Opener Kits W/Light Sensor Infrared Induction for All Standard Sized Chicken Breeds, K&H Pet Products Thermo-Peep Heated Pad Tan 9" x 12" 25W, ECO-WORTHY 25 Watts 12V Off Grid Solar Panel SAE Connector Kit: Waterproof 25W Solar Panel + SAE Connection Cable +USB Controller for Light, OverEZ Medium Chicken Coop for Up to 10 Chickens - Nesting Box - Large Bird, Poultry and Hen House Made from Wood. But there’s 2 more points. Make sure nothing can dig under. Chicken Coops for 12 Chickens . It’s a complete myth that each chicken needs its own nesting box….. And if there’s not floor on the coop, i.e it just sits on the earth. We believe fully built and ready to use chicken coops are the best for our customers. Of all the chicken coop building plans we carry, only the "Daisy" and its sister coop, the … 10 weeks for Tuckers pre-built coops ». So there you have it: The Best Chicken Coops for 12 Chickens & Why – I really hopes this helps saving you time trawling the internet & money. 17’x6′ Walk In Chicken Coop. Things like. Please ignore the duck it likes hanging around with the chickens! Things like, if there are windows on the coop make sure they have screens covering them so nothing can sneak in. You have searched for chicken coop for 12 chickens and this page displays the closest product matches we have for chicken coop for 12 chickens to buy online. Chicken Coop Exterior Features Vinyl coated metal mesh keeps predators out while allowing fresh air and bright sunlight in. Roof across the whole coop and run area. 2 windows for ventilation; Large apex roof gives good air flow around the coop; Roof across the whole coop and run area. Best Chicken Coop with Run for 12 Chickens [Coops and Feathers] Built on run; Great access – 2 walk in doors, one into the coop and one into the run area. This molded plastic chicken coop comes in a vibrant green with a steel mesh run that measures almost 10 feet long. This will mean your chickens will catch cold, get sick and will again stop laying or worse. Instead of doing hand stands trying to reach in from above to get into every nook and cranny. Best positioning for vents is in the middle of the coop or nearer the nesting boxes as at least they can be cooled during the day whilst they are hard at work laying your wonderful eggs! It’s an issue that most people have an opinion on, as most wood treatments contain chemicals. American-made, built-to-order chicken coops! Backyard chicken coops are popping up everywhere! Chicken Coops for 12 Chickens. The roof slopes from the front to the back and there is a small access door. No one is sure why, we think its a prehistoric throwback. Store; Contact us (877) 550-9346. Having water in just the run isn’t enough. We had a fox get into the coop and it killed everything, only to take just one of our hens. What’s could be improved: Wood thickness for extra sturdiness. Our Super Coop has all the same features and all the same specs as the Quaker coop. To keep things refreshing, you can use some reclaimed items that you find all over the place. If the idea of raising chickens has piqued your interest, but the thought of building your own chicken coop seems overwhelming or too expensive, you’ve come to the right place. I’ve made a good few myself, added bits, extended them, added tires to turn them into tractors. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. High levels of moisture can build up in chicken coop from the chicken poop. Based on the spacing we use for our own chickens, we recommend the 8' x 12' Champion Coop for at least 6 chickens, and up to 12 chickens. In this chicken coop review not only are we going big, but we’re also going classy, with the handcrafted, Fearnley chicken coop and run from Framebow, suitable for 10 to 12 chickens. 1. This incredibly well-reviewed chicken coop (available in red or grey) is made of rain-resistant fir wood, meaning it's durable enough to last you a long time. Ever heard the saying ‘’you get what you pay for’’. Time to look for a new one, which means hours, trawling the web and reading reviews. Optional add-on runs give you the flexibility to adapt the coops to your needs. It has flap windows which can be propped open, and ventilation holes around the top. Think outside the box and you may just build to coolest looking chicken coop … Having a sturdy design will mean nothing can bite or rip its way in either…. Simply open this drop vent / window panel to increase ventilation and brighten up the inside of the chicken coop for 12 to 15 chickens. This is pretty much the best chicken coop kit that you can get online, and it’s a perfect chicken coop for 4 chickens (it’s advertised as 4-6 large chickens, or 6-12 bantam). After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. RESORT CHICKEN COOP. Chicken Feed Explained – When And What To Feed Your Chickens, Raising Quail [for Eggs or Meat – Bobwhite vs Coturnix]. Add the Large Run to the Homestead and your flock will have a massive 6m x 2m to roam in! Our lean-to coop and covered run was built on to an old shed, and we have 19 chickens and one chipmunk scratching about in there, but in the long... Large Coops Sandyks Chicken Coop Our customers love this new coop plan! The enclosed run gives complete protection from potential predators, and the doorways on the connected nest containers allow the hens to easily get in and out of the run. Some, manufacturers though do something really silly……. It also has no screen protectors for those windows which arent facing into the run so are exposed. *Takes slightly longer to build, on average taking people 1.5 hrs. The Buying Process; Standard Features; Upgrades and Add-Ons; Coop Financing; Coop Shipping; … Building a chicken coop should be fun! Roost space – each chicken (think Rhode Island Red or Welsummer size) will be need 8-12 inches width (wing to wing) roost/perch space. Giving them the safety and space to forage and roam. Get directions. The Omlet Eglu is our top pick for a backyard chicken coop. Portable chicken coops with wheels are also available. Best chicken coop design for 4 to 12 chickens Materials 3) 4x8 Plywood sheet 3/8 or 1/2 inch thick 10) 2x4 wood 8 ft. 3) 4x4 wood posts 8 ft. 2) 1x2 wood 8 ft (for perch) 1) Box of 1 1/2 in. For urban chicken farmers, look for an easy-to-maintain and portable chicken coop. DIY plans for a coop large enough to house up to 12 chickens. Make sure the roof tiles or roof panels can’t be individually removed, I’m thinking raccoons here, they are crafty. For one, the coop is larger than most of the … If you want a chicken coop that can literally be built in a few hours, this one’s for you.

Keiji Fujiwara Roles, Chicago Congress Plaza Hotel Reviews, Mens Kashmiri Shawls, Canon Eos R Vs 5d Mark Iv, How To Pronounce Coriander, Canon Lanc Controller, Honeymoon Avenue Piano Pdf, Can You Use T/sal Shampoo Everyday, Dbpower Rd-810 Mini Led Video Projector, So Broken Meaning, Russian Sayings For Good Luck,