how to grow thai basil outdoors
Basil plants are one of the most popular herbs to grow and also one of the easiest. The United States National Arboretum: Basil-icious! Adding compost at planting time provides garden Thai basil with the necessary nutrients for the entire growing season. If you grow yours in containers like I do, the container itself … Aspect: The stems of basil tend to be quite brittle, so are easily broken by wind. If it feels dry, water the plant until liquid runs from its drainage holes. Grow basil in well-drained, fertile soil in a warm, sheltered position out of direct midday sun. Growing Thai basil tends to be more compact than other types of basil, so harvest at the top of a group of leaves; otherwise, the stem will rot. When to Plant Basil. Thai basil grow and care – shrub type of basil of genus Ocimum also known as Thailand basil, Thai basil perennial or cold annual plant used as edible plant for the leaves also used as ornamental plant and it’s fragrant, can grow in mediterranean, subtropical, temperate or tropic climate and growing in hardiness zone: 10b+ (perennial), 5-10 (as annual). Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a member of the mint family. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Always follow label recommendations for the amount and frequency of fertilizer applications. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. During the first 2 months of the growing period, fertilize every 2 weeks. How to Grow & Use Basil; where to buy thai basil seeds As basil stems aren’t very strong it doesn’t fare well in windy conditions so it is best to keep it protected. Be sure to try Thai basil, holy basil, and red rubin basil — each variety has its own characteristics. If you would like to know how to grow a big harvest of basil watch this video for my five top tips on basil growing! The basil seeds may germinate naturally in an outdoor garden and provide tiny new basil plants come spring. Her thousands of published articles cover topics from travel and gardening to pet care and technology. The extremely aromatic leaves also have a delightful variety of flavors, from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to cinnamon, and licorice. Thai basil leaves are at their fragrant, flavorful best just as flower buds emerge. It's a warm season annual, it will grow 1 to 2 feet tall and wide. Sunlight: Basil is happiest in a warm spot in full sun, however in hot regions it will benefit from some shade. It also dries and freezes well so you can have the herb to use all winter long. Thai basil prefers soil that is lightly moist, slightly acidic, well-drained and rich in organic matter, such as compost. Basil hates having wet roots overnight, so aim to water plants in the morning if possible. It is closely identified with Italian cooking, although it is originally from India. Care should be taken not to plant basil outdoors until after the last spring frost has passed. Mix the water-soluble liquid with water according to the manufacturer's instructions, and apply it at the same time you water your plants. Thai basil plants are great to grow in a kitchen window, not just because it provides quick access to the tasty herb, but also because it is a fly repellent. Seed can also be sown outdoors in drills from May -June 6″ apart. When flowers appear on your plant, … Basil plants like moisture. For the most vigorous garden plants, choose a well-drained, fertile site with a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0. In a pinch, you can bruise the leaves of basil and rub the oils on your skin as a mosquito repellent. Harvest the leaves in the morning when their essential oils are at their peak and the flavor of the growing Thai basil will be at a premium. Start seed indoors for 4 weeks before introducing to the outside environment for 2 weeks prior to planting. When harvesting Thai basil, remember to be gentle as the leaves bruise easily and you don’t want that to happen until you are going to use them. Also referred to as ‘Sweet Thai,’ Thai basil plants grow to a height of between 12 to 18 inches (30-46 cm.) Thai basil plants do best with at least six to eight hours of daily sun. With their lovely purple stems and purple-veined leaves on a shiny, dark green background, Thai basil plants are grown not only for their culinary uses but also as an ornamental specimen. Growing Basil Outdoors or In Basil should be fertilized on a regular basis with organic fertilizer. Either … In loose, well-draining soil, 1 inch amounts to roughly 6 gallons for each 10 square feet. If you're planning to grow basil in a pot and want to add fertilizer, your plants will require only a very weak liquid solution every 3 to 4 weeks to compensate for nutrients washed away by frequent watering. Thai basil plants need at least six hours of direct sunlight to flourish. thyrsiflora) finds its way into curries, stir fries and other Asian specialties. It thrives in full sun but will tolerate part shade. long on purple stems with purple flowers. If the plant is between 6 and 8 inches tall, it's large enough to harvest for the kitchen. Or make a second sowing outdoors in June in order to have small plants to pot … Thai basil can be grown alongside common sweet basil. with leaves 1 to 2 inches (2.5 to 5 cm.) It will grow quite well in part-shade or diffused light, but it tends to stretch and become leggy. Now that you have harvested the basil, what are you going to do with it? Don’t even think of planting the larger and more vigorous green basils, cinnamon basil, or Thai basil in a pot smaller than 12” (30 cm). One manufacturer recommends a solution of 2 teaspoons of fertilizer in 1 gallon of water; reduce that to 1 teaspoon for Thai basil. Seeds germinate slowly, a bit faster when heated from below, and basil enjoys hot weather and full sun. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Missouri Botanical Garden: Ocimum Basilicum, Napa Master Gardener Column: Your Garden in June, Ohio State University Department of Horticulture and Crop Science: Growing, Selecting, and Using Basil. A temperature of around 75°F (24°C) during the day is optimal for Thai basil. Unless, you are growing Thai basil as an ornamental, cut the flower off several days before harvest so the plant can focus all its energy on the leaves. Sign up for our newsletter. It thrives on the same conditions as basil nice sunny spot with well drained soil and water regularly. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Likewise, it should be kept watered to avoid drying the soil quickly. Thai basil plants need at least six hours of direct sunlight to flourish. You can keep a plant in a pot going all summer long by moving it into a slightly bigger container every time roots show through the drainage holes in the bottom – plants could end up in a 20cm (8in) container. Growing Cultures. 3. Water weekly but keep the water off the leaves; water from the base. soil Expect to use between 60 and 90 pounds of compost for each 10 square feet of soil. Plant the new basil in a sunny area, water in and fertilize with a nutrient rich fish emulsion or seaweed solution two to three times during their active growing season. Select an 8- to 12-inch diameter planter with good drainage. Choose growing basil seeds or plants. When growing basil indoors for transplant, start them 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost date. How to Grow Basil Make sure that the soil is moist. Fertilize basil plants with liquid plant food every 2-4 weeks. Planting basil from seed is truly enjoyable. Thai basil plants do best with at least six to eight hours of daily sun. For the most vigorous garden plants, choose a well-drained, fertile site with a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0. All Rights Reserved. Basil is a popular, fragrant herb with a variety of culinary uses. Sun is a key ingredient. In order to grow Thai basil plants indoors, it’s important to mimic the outdoor conditions of summertime. Simply add basil to mayonnaise for a basic aioli. They can also be bruised and rubbed beneath the eyes and on the forehead for a relaxing reprieve from a long stressful day. Basil is an annual plant, and like me, it enjoys a somewhat tropical environment. A rain gauge helps determine when to water. More increases its risk of root rot. All the time you are growing basil indoors the light will coming from only one direction and the plant will tend to grow towards that light. Work in the early morning after the dew has dried from the leaves, and be sure to leave at least three sets of leaves on each stem. Potted Thai basil dries out quickly. Thai basil … Take the number of stems or leaves you need by pinching them off directly above another set of leaves. When you harvest your growing Thai basil plant, take it down to about 6 inches (15 cm.). Start your seeds off in pots of moist peat-free multi-purpose compost on a warm but not sunny windowsill. Once frozen, remove from the tray and store in resealable bags in the freezer for up to two months. If your choice is to purchase from the nursery, pick up a rosemary plant as well. Thai Basil has aromatic, pointed green leaves with a hint of licorice flavor. Learn more. Thai basil (Ocimum basilicum var. Passionate for travel and the well-written word, Judy Wolfe is a professional writer with a Bachelor of Arts in English literature from Cal Poly Pomona and a certificate in advanced floral design. An 8-inch lettuce bowl or 6-inch pot has room for a single plant. thyrsiflora) is a member of the mint family and as such has a particular sweet flavor reminiscent of anise, licorice and clove. Grow a few basil plants in containers so you can bring them indoors before fall frost. Sun is a key ingredient.
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